Precancerous diseases of uterine cavity are quite common among women of reproductive age, as well as in the menopausal stage. These diseases are dangerous as they can grow into cancers if they are out of the necessary treatment control. But if the patient visits a doctor on time, she can avoid certain complications. Arman Nazinyan, the head of the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in “Asghik” MC, told the NEWS.am Medicine reporter about the cases during which the diseases of uterine cavity may grow into a cancer, the way they are formed and a patient should be examined.
Endometrial hyperplasia is the excessive proliferation of the uterine inner lining which leads to the thickening and increase of its volume. This happens in the result of hormone disruption from the intensive reproduction of glandular and stromal cells or a range of other diseases (such as diabetes, obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome, etc.).
Endometrial hyperplasia is considered a benign disease but in some cases it can turn into an endometrial cancer and also cause other problems like infertility and chronic anemia, therefore the disease is not recommended to ignore. The chief syndromes of endometrial hyperplasia are irregular bleeding (mid menstrual bleeding) in women of reproductive age, women in perimenopausal or postmenopausal stages who have not had menstruation for more than 6 months. Thereby, any discharge of blood (even simply viscous blood) in an inappropriate time is already a matter to visit a doctor and find out the reason. Endometrial hyperplasia may be diagnosed by an ultrasound examination of pelvic organs, and if necessary, by a hysteroscopic study of uterine cavity.
As noted by Arman Nazinyan, endometrial overgrowth processes are often directly related to the breast state: sometimes endometrial hyperplasia is found in patients with mastopatic problems. Usually, in these cases when the hyperplasia is treated, it also improves the state of breasts.
Polyps of Cervical Tube and Endometrium
Polyps of cervical tube and endometrium are benign tumors on the endometrium. They are formed from the excessive growth of endometrium cells by the influence of hormone disruption or certain chronic diseases. There are several types of polyps and all they may have various clinical images, some may not display at all. Though polyps are benign tumors, it is not excluded that they may transform into a malignant one – endometrial cancer, especially in case of adenomatous polyps. Polyps may also cause infertility and disruption of menstrual cycle, so it is not recommended to ignore them.
Myoma is considered as a benign tumor which very rarely grows into a cancer, only in 0.3%. Myomas may cause disruption of menstrual cycle, bleeding, pains and lead to an increase in abdominal volume. Myoma treatment methods are determined by an obstetritian-gynecologist as to their type and location.
Will the Treatment of These Diseases Help Avoid Cancer?
As explained by the specialist, endometrial cancer is not displayed spontaneously. Endometrial hyperplasia usually develops in several stages: anatypical hyperplasia occurs, after which it may be followed by an endometrial cancer. This means that if hyperplastic processes are discovered on time and treated effectively, further development of the disease and its transformation into cancer will be prevented.
The same can be said about polyps. Polyps, as noted by Arman Nazinyan, should be removed and sent to the histological study which will let know the polyp type and the possibility of its recurrence risk. If necessary, a further treatment will be prescribed for the patient. All these will help prevent the endometrial cancer.
For both cases the decisive roles play the words “on time”. According to the specialist, sometimes the hospital is visited by women with neglected diseases and a developed cancer. During the data collection process it becomes obvious that 2-3 years ago they had bleeding and paid no proper attention to it.
5 Instructions for All Women that Are Worth to Know
. From12-13 years, when girls usually have menstruation, they should keep a menstrual cycle calendar. In any case of disruption, it is recommended to visit a doctor, just to be safe.
. Women at any age are recommended to visit a gynecologist once a year to be tested for standard and ultrasound examinations of pelvic organs even if there are no symptoms.
. Modern methods of research, such as the ultrasound examination, enable to detect various processes and diseases in early stages, including cancer. Ultrasound examination is a simple, safe and painless test and there’s nothing to fear.
. In case of symptoms like menstruation cycle disruption, severe pains during menstruation, mid menstrual bleeding, a visit to a doctor is recommended.
. It’s always better to be safe than neglect something very important: by visiting a doctor on time it will be possible to avoid severe pathologies, including endometrial cancer. And if the disease already exists, the sooner it is discovered, the higherwill be its treatment effectiveness.